What are dental implants?
A dental implant is a fixed medical anchor for an artificial tooth (dental crown) that serves as a long-term replacement for a missing tooth.
A crown over a dental implant consist of four different parts.
These elements assembled together build up what a natural tooth would be: dental implant proper takes the part of an artificial tooth root, superstructure (abutment) the part united to the implant serving as the attaching structure for the crown, a mini screw tightening the abutment to the implant, and visible part shaped in the anatomy and color of the replaced tooth, the crown.
A modern dental implant is a cylindrical or tooth root-like screw, made of surgical titanium with its surface treated for micro retention, which is inserted into the maxillary or mandibular bone in a surgical procedure.
Over a period of from 4 to 6 months, the implant undergoes a process of Osseo integration, where bone grows around the implant making it stable.
Once this bone integration has happened, the implant can support the crown, which is the artificial tooth.
The implant crown is an artificial tooth made of either porcelain on metal, Latium disilicate or zirconia, resembling the exact shape, dimensions and color of the tooth it replaces.
A perfectly constructed dental crown looks and feels like a natural tooth, in terms of fit, anatomy and color.
A complete denture can be supported on implants providing the patient with the advantages of a fixed denture.
In this category, we have different types of prosthetic structures like All on four dentures (All on 4 dentures), hybrid dentures or hybrid prosthesis, fixed zirconia bridges or fixed dentures in zirconia.
In conclusion, a dental implant is the best solution today to replace a missing tooth due to trauma, decay, periodontal disease or other cause.
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